20327--Ribbon Loom Weaving Tubular Silk Neckties--Silk Industry,
So. Manchester, Conn., U.S.A.

There are various kinds and styles of looms used in the weaving of silk goods according to whether the finished product is to consist of ribbons, broad goods, velvet, or upholstery and decorative fabrics. In view number 20324 we get a detailed description of the French broad goods looms, and in the next one of this series we see what is known as the Jacquard loom in operation. In the present picture we observe a ribbon loom weaving tubular silk neckties.

Goods running from very narrow baby ribbon up to twelve inches wide are known as ribbons and are manufactured on a special loom. A number of pieces of goods are woven side by side in such a loom with a separate shuttle for each piece of goods. This shuttle is carried through the warp by a rack and pinion instead of being thrown through as in broad goods.

Thirty ties are woven at one time in each loom in long strips like ribbons. By a cam attachment the ties are automatically shaped by the loom as they are woven. As the strips of ties come from the shuttles they are wound on the drums seen in the lower part of the picture. These strips are then removed and cut into lengths suitable for neckties.

The beam containing the warp threads is on the back of the machine, and is but dimly visible in the picture. The harness, however, through which these threads pass can easily be recognized.

From the collection of the Manchester Historical Society.

For pictures and contemporary information on the Weaving Mill in the
"Cheney Brothers National Historic Landmark District" page, click here.